BILL DISCOUNTING. Objectives. After reading this unit, you will be able to: explain the meaning and scope of Factoring, Forfaiting and Bill Discounting. through book debt financing. In coming chapter we are going to get information on three types of book debt financing viz. Bill Discounting, Factoring &. Forfeiting. Forfaiting (note the spelling) is the purchase of an exporter’s receivables – the amount that the importer owes the exporter – at a discount by paying cash.

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The former is related to the borrowing from the commercial bank while the latter is associated with the management of book debts. Cash conversion cycle Return on capital Economic value added Just-in-time Economic order quantity Discounts and allowances Factoring.

Business startups — flexible start-up finance to get your new company off the ground. Speak to a consultant now on Live Chat. The added flexibility for the business, and lack of predictable volume and monthly minimums for factoring providers means that spot factoring transactions usually carry a cost premium.

As late as the current century, [ when? In regards to Invoice Discounting, you attain the advantage of managing your own credit control and debt collection.

This often affects additional services offered by the factor in order to best adapt the factoring service to the needs of the business. Whereas the difference between the invoice face value and the advance serves as a reserve for a specific invoice, many factors also hold an ongoing reserve account which serves to further reduce the risk for the factoring company.

In the latter half of the twentieth century the introduction of computers eased the accounting burdens of factors and then small firms. In bill discounting the financier gets the discounting charges for financial services, but in the case of factoring the factor gets interest and commission. Spot factoring, or single invoice discounting, is an alternative to “whole ledger” and allows a company to factor a single invoice.

The difference between the face value of the invoice and the advance rates serves to protect factors against any losses and to ensure coverage for their fees. Factoring is somewhat similar to bills discounting in the sense that both these services provide short term finance. In the UK, the main difference between factoring and invoice discounting is confidentiality.


It is can be more expensive than commercial bank financing. Factoring’s origins lie in the financing of trade, particularly international trade. These also drove and were driven by modifications of the common law framework in England and the United States. Citation – Manufacturers’ uses of Factoring? Large firms and organizations such as governments usually have specialized processes to deal with one aspect of factoring, redirection of payment to the factor following receipt of notification from the third party i.

The emergence of these modern forms has not been without controversy. Factoring and Invoice Discounting are both financial services that can release the funds tied up in your unpaid invoices, involving a provider who agrees to advance money against outstanding debtor balances.

How to Run a Small Factoring Company. Because of the risks and exposure from mechanics’ liensdanger of “paid-when-paid” terms, existence of progress billing, use of withholding, and exposure to economic cycles most “generalist” factoring companies avoid construction receivables entirely.

Difference Between Bill Discounting and Factoring

That has created another niche of factoring companies that specialize in construction receivables. Graphical Representation of Factoring. Assignment of Debts No Yes.

In the United States, if the factor does not assume the credit risk on the purchased accounts, in most cases a court will recharacterize the transaction as a secured loan.

Although shorter contract periods are now becoming more common, contracts and monthly minimums are typical with “whole ledger” factoring, which entails factoring all of a company’s invoices or all of the company’s invoices from a particular debtor.

It’s unclear if this source of capital will be stable over time, as other companies, most notably, Lending Clubhad a difficult time attracting investors in earlyeven though net returns seem higher on invoice finance platforms such as MarketInvoice [33] and FundThrough [34] than on business loan platforms such as Funding Circle. Another area of concern is when the cost of invoice factoring is calculated. While almost never taking possession of the goods sold, factors offer various combinations of money and supportive services when advancing funds.

The use of factoring to obtain the cash needed to accommodate a firm’s immediate cash needs will allow the firm to maintain a smaller ongoing cash balance. Wikipedia articles with style issues from July All articles with style issues All articles with vague or ambiguous time Vague or ambiguous time from April Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March Vague or ambiguous time from March All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from May Bill discounting is always with recourse whereas factoring can be either with recourse or without recourse.


Comments It is a nice way of presentation and making subject matter easy to understand and writing in examinations. Let us do the legwork for you. Factoring is commonplace in the construction industry because of the long payment cycles that can stretch to days and beyond. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Differences Between Invoice Discounting and Factoring | Touch Financial

Non-recourse factoring is not a loan. If approved, the business will be set up with a maximum credit line from which they can draw. Factoring is like a credit card where the bank factor is buying the debt of the customer without recourse to the seller; if the buyer doesn’t pay the amount to the seller the bank cannot claim the money from the seller or the merchant, just as the bank in this case can only claim the money from the debt issuer.

By the twentieth century in the United States factoring was still the predominant form of financing working capital for the then-high-growth-rate textile industry. Therefore, the trade-off between the return the firm earns on investment in production and the cost of utilizing a factor is crucial in determining both the extent factoring is used and the quantity of cash the firm holds on hand. As stated, the size of the cash balance the firm decides to hold is directly related to its unwillingness to pay the costs necessary to use a factor to finance its short term cash needs.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Nonetheless, the two receivables financing arrangements differ in important ibll. Construction Recruitment Manufacturing Wholesalers Printers Couriers But in any business that provides services or goods to other businesses and gives customers credit terms of days, Factoring and Invoice Discounting can solve the problems associated with slow payment.

When a company decides to factors account receivables invoices to a principles factors or broker, it needs to understands the risks and rewards involved with factoring. The cash balance a business holds is essentially a demand for transactions money.